NRL Staff members Roderick Chappel and Liza Cabuang attended the 10th Scientific Meeting of the International Leptospirosis Society (ILS), held in Palmerston North, New Zealand from 27 November to 1 December. Leptospirosis, caused by spirochaete bacteria of the genus Leptospira, infects people, domestic animals and wildlife globally. There are an estimated one million serious human cases of leptospirosis each year, with about 60,000 deaths. The meeting was hosted, on behalf of ILS, by the leptospirosis research group at Massey University, Palmerston North. The meeting attracted about 200 delegates from 34 countries.